Browsing by Author "Piriya Pholphirul"
Xayavong, Thidavong; Piriya Pholphirul (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)
Even though topics related to child labor and school dropout have been studied worldwide, little attention has focused on child labor and school dropout in the least-developed countries. This paper examines the impact of child labor on school dropout by using national representative data from the Labor Force and First Child Labor survey in the Lao PDR, which serves as a case study of a least-developed country. The endogeneity of child labor to school dropout was controlled by using an average wage of children by province as an instrumental variable. ...
Delay of gratification and business performance in least developed countries : evidence from LAO PDR Xayavongsa, Dalivone; Piriya Pholphirul (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)
Does delay of gratification affect the probability of engaging in self-employment and does it contribute to their business performance? This article aims to quantify impacts of delay of gratification on engaging in self-employment and business performance. Using Lao PDR as representative of least-developed countries, We analyze nationally representative survey data from the Lao-STEP Skills Measurement Household Survey, we estimate binary Probit and Logit model to quantify impacts of delay of gratification on probability of self-employment. And, ...
Early childhood education and child development outcomes in least developed countries: empirical evidence from Lao PDR Manivone Phongsopha; Piriya Pholphirul (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)
Given the benefits of early childhood education, many countries try to ensure universal accessibility to early childhood education. However, with their limited budgets and chronic poverty, least developed countries face a huge disadvantage in providing access to early childhood education, especially for children of lower income families and those living in remote areas. This study aims to determine how accessibility to early childhood education and child development affects cognitive, learning, physical, and social-emotional readiness. We use ...