Now showing items 262-281 of 2864

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    Early childhood education and child development outcomes in least developed countries: empirical evidence from Lao PDR 

    Manivone Phongsopha; Piriya Pholphirul (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    Given the benefits of early childhood education, many countries try to ensure universal accessibility to early childhood education. However, with their limited budgets and chronic poverty, least developed countries face a huge disadvantage in providing access to early childhood education, especially for children of lower income families and those living in remote areas. This study aims to determine how accessibility to early childhood education and child development affects cognitive, learning, physical, and social-emotional readiness. We use ...
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    Early warning system for real economy : a case study of Thailand 

    Jeerawadee Pumjaroen; Preecha Vichitthamaros (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    The research aims to identify Composite Leading Indexes (CLIs) and develops the Early Warning System (EWS) by Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The objective of EWS is to forecast the Economic Cycle (EC) in short-term, medium-term, and long-term periods. Data from Thailand during Q1/2003-Q4/2008 are applied to pursue the purposes. The research uses Real Gross Domestic Product (GDP) as a proxy for the Thai economy, which is the target variable that EWS aims to early signal. The indicators from various economic sectors ...
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    Earnings management and firm value : the role of investor protection and corporate governance 

    Nopphon Tangjitprom; Kanogporn Narktabtee, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2012)

    Earnings management usually refers to the efforts of firm managers or executives to manipulate the earning figures in financial reporting. In general, these activities can be perceived negatively, as they can stem from managerial opportunism. Managers can use earnings management to report earnings for their own benefit, e.g. to get advantage from their compensation plans. However, some may argue that managers can use earnings management techniques to communicate or convey certain information and to smooth the earnings to reduce volatility. ...
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    Economic and environmental impacts of rail transportation investment 

    Gritsana Patjakreng; Sompote Kunnoot (National Institute of Development Administration, 2016)

    The transportation system in Thailand has been biased in favor of road transport as investment in rail transport involves large scale budget and government policy. The favorable attribute of rail transport is more competitive freight cost in exchange for large investment. This study employs the computable general equilibrium (CGE) model in ORANI tradition (Dixon et al., 1982) as the tool for the accounting of economic benefits, economic cost, environmental benefits and environmental costs. The increase in rail transport investment is feed ...
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    Economic burden on households with people with non-communicable diseases, with special reference to cancer: priorities for policy options pertaining to the Sri Lankan context 

    Jayasinghe, Rajapaksha Pathirathnage Chamarie Kanchana; Sombat Thamrongthanyawong (National Institute of Development Administration, 2016)

    Non-communicable diseases have become a major threat to Sri Lanka as well as all developing and developed countries. Though the government provides all health facilities free of charge at public hospitals, people have to bear the out-of-pocket expenditure. The expenditure compared to other diseases is double the burden from non-communicable diseases
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    Economic significance of work experience : evidence from Thailand 

    Kritsada Wattanasaovaluk; Suchittra Chamnivickorn (National Institute of Development Administration, 2020)

    The decline in labor force due to a rapid transition of population structure to an aging society in Thailand has raised concerns over economic potential of the country and demanded urgent policies to tackle the labor reduction problem. Promoting elderly employment is a possible way of addressing the reduction in labor force, as current and future seniors tend to be healthy and highly educated. They can maintain human capital and remain productive even after retirement. Elders are highly experienced and this human capital enables them to work ...
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    Education decentralization policy in Thailand: macro goals and micro realities 

    Sukree Nakyam; Juree Vichit-Vadakan (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    It has been nearly three decades since Thai basic education was affected by major changes adopted in the name of educational decentralization. A central aspect of implementing educational decentralization is shifting authority to schools. However, to date there is no literature that rigorously investigates the extent and degree of changes to reveal if decision making authority has shifted to schools. Moreover, the effects of the changes experienced by school settings have not been studied. In addressing these gaps, this study intends to: ...
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    Education management for the generation of self-employment of graduates 

    Penkhae Siriwan; Choomphol Swasdiyakorn, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 1990)

    The rising trends of unemployment among the university graduates of Thailand resulting from the rapid expansion in higher education indicate the need for providing the university students with the opportunity to better prepare themselves for self-employment after graduation. The objectives of this dissertation are to investigate : (1) the future trend of self-employment generation among the university graduates, (2) the career status, entry and changes of the graduates, (3) the factors that influence career entry decision and career group ...
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    Effect of corporate governance and competitive advantage on firm performance: a case study of listed companies in the stock exchange of Thailand 

    Pornpisit Lumpaopong; Montree Socatiyanurak (National Institute of Development Administration, 2016)

    The purposes of this research were 1) to study the effect of corporate governance on firm performance, 2) to examine the effect of corporate governance on competitive advantage, and 3) to find out the effect of competitive advantage on firm performance. The quantitative data consisted of 5-year longitudinal/panel data (2011- 2015). Only qualified companies listed in the Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) were selected as population. The total of 203 shortlisted companies were good for 1,015 observations. The dummy variables derived from IOD corporate ...
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    Effect of double college major (degree) on earning in Lao PDR 

    Houngthida Phetsinorath; Suchittra Chamnivickorn (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    There are few studies on the effect of double major (degree) and most studies concentrate on high income countries (Russell, Dolnicar, & Ayoub, 2008; Del Rossi & Hersch, 2008). These studies have found the positive relationship between double major and employment as well as earning in Australia, Singapore, and U.S. A growing number of Laos students pursue double major. However, double major (degree) actually gives graduates greater employment opportunities and earning than single major graduates has not been fully understood. This study aims ...
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    Effect of gender role on career advancement in Thai civil service 

    Supaluck Liamvarangkoon; Supamas Sethapongkul, chairperson (National Institute of Development Administration, 2002)
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    Effectiveness : the case study of hotels in Bangkok 

    Chinnawat Chueasraku; Boon-anan Phinaitrup (National Institute of Development Administration, 2015)

    This research is aimed at specifying whether instructional design should accommodate learning preferences as well as to be proved the transitive relation between applying either mixed or matching training design with learning styles and work environment that defined as the training input factors to the training outcomes, which consist of service quality and organizational effectiveness. The quantitative method was employed to investigate the relationship and the influence as the cause and effect. Five hundred and sixty five (565) questionnaires ...
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    Effectiveness of emergency medical services networks 

    Chatrchanok Karnasuta; Tippawan Lorsuwannarat (National Institute of Development Administration, 2020)

    This study is a network of emergency medical services outside of hospitals in the three provinces of  Khon Kaen, Nonthaburi, Ubon Ratchathani and Sa Kaeo provinces that has three objectives: 1) to study the operational processes of the network organization in Emergency Medical Services, 2) to study the effectiveness of the network organization in Emergency Medical Services, and 3) to present the models of the network organization in Emergency Medical Services right with Thailand that operated by Qualitative Research Methodology, In-Depth Interview, ...
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    Effectiveness of good governance in the Constitutional Organs 

    Keirov Krittateeranon; Anchana NaRanong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2013)

    The objectives of this research are: 1) to study the administration of the Constitutional Organs when performing their duties about fact finding and comments in accordance with good governance principles and 2) to study the problems and difficulties in the implementation of fact finding and comments of the ...
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    Effectiveness of small biomass power plants in Thailand: From resource-based view and resource dependence theory 

    Kwunjai Chotsuwan; Tippawan Lorsuwannarat (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    This research explores the important factors affecting the effectiveness and the effectiveness of small biomass power plants all over Thailand. The objectives of the study include 1) to study and establish a model of the relationship between the factors that influence the effectiveness and the effectiveness of small biomass power plants. 2) to test and analyze the relationships between key factors affecting the effectiveness and effectiveness of small biomass power plants. This study uses the Mixed Method with Qualitative and Quantitative ...
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    Effectiveness of Tambon Administration Organizations 

    Sukhumrath Saributra; Pichit Pitaktepsombati, chairperson (National Institute of Development Administration, 2004)
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    Effectiveness of the waterside housing development project 

    Matulee Yokee; Prapon Sahapattana (National Institute of Development Administration, 2021)

    This research aimed to 1) study the processing of the Waterside Housing Development Project of Bangkok, Thailand, 2) evaluate the effectiveness of the Project, 3) study the factors affecting the effectiveness of the Project, and 4) propose a model for resolving the encroachment problems of the public areas. The methodology used in this research was mixed methods, and the sampling are 960 participating households and 31 community leaders. The research found that the project could not entirely solve the canal encroachment problem. Only 42.37% ...
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    Effects of a community drug prevention program on drug resistance of community and residents : a quasi-experimental study 

    Suwira Songmetta; Chindalak Vadhanasindhu, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2003)
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    Effects of leadership behaviors and organizational culture on the development of learning organization: case study of private and public hospitals with hospital accreditation 

    Sirirat Chamnannarongsak; Nisada Wedchayanon, chairperson (National Institute of Development Administration, 2004)
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    Effects of partnership quality on the outsourcing success of translation service organizations in China 

    Li, Peng; Sid Suntrayuth (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    The translation service market in China is growing steadily with the rapid development of international outsourcing services, as well as the language service industry as a whole. Besides the traditional study scopes included in linguistics and translation, there are a few studies that focus on translation service in the scope of the outsourcing field and then adopt theories and perspectives from it. This dissertation will study translation service industry from a new perspective, focusing on its nature as a kind of outsourcing activity. This ...