Now showing items 595-614 of 2864

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    Scale economies and the potential gain from local amalgamation in Thailand 

    Kobkan Panphong; Santi Chaisrisawatsuk (National Institute of Development Administration, 2020)

    Local government policies have been strongly linked to the principles of subsidies and decentralization in Thailand since 1997. The distribution model for local government organizations is linked to the suitability or need for change, which often depends on the economic efficiency and size of the local government organization in terms of population, i.e. economies of scale. This study contributes to the discussion on economies of scale under the conditions of Thai local administrative organizations based on the Cobb-Douglas production function ...
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    School expenditure leakage and efficiency : the case of Thai compulsory education 

    Jiradate Thasayaphan; Dararatt Anantanasuwong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    The objectives of this study are to compute the leakage of public expenditure, to diagnose weak institutional capacity, and to measure the efficiency and factors that affect the performance of the schools in Thai compulsory education. The frame of reference of the study is the school-based management framework, and the models used to compute efficiency are Data Envelopment Analysis, Stochastic Frontier Analysis, and Bayesian Stochastic Frontier Analysis model. The samples were randomly drawn from small-sized, lower secondary schools from ...
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    Screening for bid rigging in rural road procurement of Thailand 

    Sutthi Suntharanurak; Amornrat Apinunmahakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2012)

    The fundamental objective of public procurement is to promote efficiency in the procurement process especially to ensure that the supplier offers the lowest price given the acceptable quality of goods and services through a bidding process. However, the collusion among bidders is still a critical problem of public procurement especially the main form of collusion is bid rigging behavior. In Thailand, the government has enacted “Anti-Collusion Law” since 1999; however, bid rigging behavior is still a pervasive problem in public procurement auctions. ...
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    Securities brokerage regulation : the effectiveness of regulation implementation 

    Sid Suntrayuth; Sombat Thamrongthanyawong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    The roles of the capital market have been seen to be very critical in the economic development of Thailand. The capital market plays a critical role in mobilizing savings for investment in productive assets, with views to enhancing countries’ long-term growth prospects. On the other hand, the roles of the securities brokerage firms can be seen as intermediaries that provide linkages between investors and the capital market. Many of the financial supervisory agencies in the different jurisdictions have been trying to initiate various regulations ...
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    Segment reporting in practice and quality of segment information of listed companies in Thailand 

    Manatip Chankitisakul; Kanongporn Narktabtee, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2006)
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    Selection of a system of simultaneous equations model 

    Warangkhana Keerativibool; Jirawan Jitthavech, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2009)

    One of the most important problems in statistical modeling is to choose an appropriate model from a class of candidate models. In real life, we may not know what the true model is, but we hope to find a model that is a reasonably accurate representation. A model selection criterion represents a useful tool to judge the propriety of a fitted model, by assessing whether it offers an optimal balance between goodness of fit and parsimony, the attributes of the best model. In this dissertation, the Akaike information criterion for a system of simultaneous ...
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    Self-control against half-intuitive reactions 

    Pakathorn Na Pattalung; Suchittra Chamnivickorn (National Institute of Development Administration, 2013)

    People often make everyday decisions based on their intuition. A large number of experiments in Neuroeconomics and Behavioral Economics draw this conclusion without providing explanations on the reaction-generating processes. These intuitive reactions are efficient and appropriate in many situations. However, when the issue at stake concerns immediate rewards; intuitive reactions usually lead to suboptimal results. In fact, these continued reaction patterns may breed bad habits and act as endogenous constraints to one's making an optimal choice. ...
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    Service operational effectiveness and airline marketing strategy factors effecting purchasing intentions in star alliance airline members 

    Chayapoj Leeanant; Worarak Sucher (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    Nowadays airline marketing strategies are very vital in influencing purchase intention. In Asia, strategic airline alliance has been employed to increase competitiveness particularly Asia-based airlines. As a result, the objectives of this research are 1.) To examine the effectiveness of the airline marketing strategies practiced by Asia-based Star Alliance airline members, 2.) To identify the airline marketing strategy factors influencing purchasing intention of Star Alliance airline members, 3.) To examine the airline service operational ...
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    Sexual behaviors on HIV and sexual transmitted infection among female commercial sex workers (CSWs) in Phuket 

    Peerapon Rattana; Pachitjanut Siripanich, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    The purpose of this study was to examine sexual risk behaviors, knowledge and awareness about HIV/AIDS amongst commercial sex workers (CSWs) and to study the health status and sexual health of women in Phuket. Data was collected by usingsystematic and qualitative research; in-depth interviews were used for collecting qualitative data including, HIV/AIDS surveillance data. In addition, the questionnaire for health status collecting,SF-36 (Short form 36), was applied to collect data from CSW informants.The data collection along with surveillance ...
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    Simple linear regression analysis for incomplete longitudinal data 

    Juthaphorn Saekhoo; Pachitjanut Siripanich, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2008)
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    Smart city development in China : a case study of urban management of Shanghai city 

    Samita Temphoemphoon; Achakorn Wongpreedee (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    China has the largest number and size of smart cities in the world (Deloitte, 2018b). Relevant agencies formulate plans and conducted public hearings with all sectors. They have also drafted a white paper to serve as a guideline to be applied by cities in order for them to develop as smart cities. Thus, this study of the Chinese experience is beneficial for the development of smart cities in Thailand. This  dissertation is aimed at 1) studying previous development of smart cities used by Shanghai City, China, such as background, process, steps ...
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    Social capital and access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand 

    Pichate Pinthong; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2021)

    This research on social capital and access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand was conducted using quantitative methodology. The objectives of this research were to study the relationship of social capital with the influence of antiretroviral therapy in Thailand and to analyze the benefit incidence of access to antiretroviral therapy among populations with different income levels in the national health insurance system. The data were collected on antiretroviral drug recipients in 13 medical service areas of the National Health Security Office ...
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    Social capital and clientelism : the case study of local districts in Thailand 

    On-Uma Rattanasripanya; Juree Vichit-Vadakan, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    In the era of globalization, the world has changed rapidly within a few years, and the changing complexion of civil society is incommensurable with the traditional life in each society. With this concern and the growing interest in administrative restructure in developing countries, many political scientists and economists have argued that social capital is an important determinant of economic development and of the functioning of institutions. Social capital has commonly been studied in recent years from the perspective of sociology and political ...
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    Social capital, knowledge sharing, and performance 

    Krishna Fongtanakit; Suchitra Punyaratabandhu, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2013)

    The purpose of the study is to examine the linkage of the three types of social capital in organization which can enhance knowledge sharing and influence to organizational performance. The conceptual model is deployed from the Nahapiet and Ghoshal’s model (1998); and the linkage among the three types of social capital is developed from Tsai and Ghoshal’s argument (1998), and Uphoff (1999). The study explores Bandura’s cognitive theory (1977, 1986, 1989, and 2001) to develop the proposed model. The approach is quantitative research which questionnaire ...
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    Social cost of market exclusivity extension for patented medicines in Thailand : analysis of the effect of trips-plus provisions 

    Theerathorn Yoongthong; Adis Israngkura, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2012)

    Under the bilateral trade and investment negotiations with the United States, several developing countries were required to enforce the TRIPS-Plus provisions. The dramatic expansion of these U.S. intellectual property policies through the free trade agreement negotiations has precipitated the intense debate about the merits of these requirements between the United States and its trade partners in the developing world. On one hand, most low-income countries claim that very stringent intellectual property protection for pharmaceuticals will result ...
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    Social entrepreneurship : an integrated framework for earned income opportunities adoption by nonprofit organizations in Thailand 

    Pawana Ankinun; Pairote Pathranarakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of how social entrepreneurs adopt earned income opportunities to benefit their financial organization sustainability. The study seeks to 1) investigate the concept of social entrepreneurship, 2) analyze the factors that may contribute to the adoption of earned income opportunities, and 3) propose and integrated framework. A multiple case study was preferred for this study. Purposeful sampling was particularly relevant to this qualitative study because of the small sample size. The specific ...
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    Social entrepreneurship and organizational performance : combining the resource dependence and resource-based views 

    Sookyuen Tepthong; Tippawan Lorsuwannarat (National Institute of Development Administration, 2014)

    The increasing number of social enterprises and number of charities becoming social enterprises is heartening in terms of the potential impact that we will see in the future on our society and the environment. Social enterprises might be recognized as a new phenomenon in Thailand, but actually there are many frustrations regarding their performance. The objectives of this study, then, were to investigate the role of social entrepreneurship and the social capital of the social enterprise in terms of resources and performance, to examine the ...
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    Social management ideaology of Mo-Tse's and its enlightenment to the innovation of contemporary grass-root social governance: a practical case of innovation in Chongqing city of China 

    Xiong, Rong; Yu-Hsiu Lee (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    The research paradigm of “problems-intellectual resources-countermeasures”  is adopted for this paper, in which Mohist intellectual resources are sorted and pertinent thoughts are picked to build fundamental theories for innovation of grass-roots social governance from a series of pointcuts. Interdisciplinary and literature research, questionnaire, field and empirical study are adopted for realistic analysis, to get a picture and identify the problems of current grass-roots governance; empirical study is conducted through comparative analysis and ...
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    Social media as a tool for family communication in the digital age: communication functions, relationship bonding and building of mutual understanding 

    Korakot Sanjit; Warat Karuchit (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    This research aims to study the role of social media as a tool for family communication in the digital age. A mixed methodology, i.e., quantitative and qualitative, was employed. The results are as follows: Social Media plays a major role in family communications during this digital age with the attributes of the communication and application techniques employed affording a wide range of communication methods. These then have expanded the limits previously set on time and place, thus promoting more communications between the family under four ...
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    Social networking sites impacts on interpersonal communication skills and relationships 

    Pritta Chasombat; Asawin Nedpogaeo (สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 2014)

    The use of social networking sites and other mobile applications have been growing intensively, not to mention, several researches indicated that it is one of the factors that impact the relationship maintenance between one another. It is highly desirable for all citizens to have a good interpersonal communication to maintain and develop further relationships. Bad communication skills may have harmed the interpersonal relationships. On the other hand, when talking about social networking sites like facebook and what it does to the society, ...