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    The inequality of opportunity to participate in higher education in Thailand 

    Montchai Pinitjitsamut; Suchittra Chamnivickorn, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2008)

    Previously, the understanding of changes in educational opportunity among differences households in Thailand is an undiscovered knowledge. Most studies usually focus to an enrollment rate, equality of education attendance, educational resources distribution and equality of income distribution. For the first time in Thailand, this study aims to understand the family background factors that affect participation in higher education and analyze the inequality of participation opportunity in university education. The conceptual framework employed in ...
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    Forecasting of natural rubber bibbed smoked sheets no 3 (RSS3) price in the agricultural futures exchange of Thailand 

    Suppanunta Romprasert; Nada Chunsom, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2009)

    The agricultural futures market affects the rubber price in Thailand. Rubber processors use the agricultural futures market to avoid risks associated with fluctuations in rubber price. Investors make profits from the difference between the current price and the future price. The paper presents the forecasting models for futures price of the natural rubber ribbed smoked sheets no.3 (RSS3). The results from the most efficient model can inform the decision of investors on buying and selling at the proper time. The study employs univariate criteria ...
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    The public demand for a free HIV vaccination programme 

    Charoenchai Agmapisarn; Udomsak Seenprachawong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2009)

    This study explored the issue of public support for the provision of a “oneyear, free HIV vaccination programme”. Of all the contingent the valuation method (CVM) studies, this study has led the way in estimating how much the public, the general population, would be willing to pay for supporting this free scheme, targeting only commercial sex workers (CSWs), with a “one-off” payment as part of their yearly income tax. Thailand now faces a changing pattern of HIV/AIDS transmission into low risk groups, as a result of their direct and indirect ...
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    Health care utilization and impacts of acute illness on wealth of aging population in Thailand 

    Suwimon Nunta; Udomsak Seenprachawong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2009)

    The proportion of older citizens is increasing in the population of most countries. Keeping the well-being of this cohort usually demands more attention and resources. The elderly as a group are generally in poorer health than the rest of the population. They are more likely to suffer from disability and visit the doctor more often. Those with chronic ailments particularly need continuing treatment, some require long-term care in a nursing facility. For this more intensified health care, a larger portion of their income goes to health care. To ...
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    The impact of intellectual property rights protection on technological progress 

    Visit Sripibool; Dararatt Anantanasuwong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) protection has been a continuing concern by most member countries of WTO. The central issue is whether to adopt a strong or weak IPR protection. Developed countries tend to use various types of pressure to induce developing countries to enforce IP law strictly. On the other hand, the TradeRelated Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) appears to require a minimum standard for IPR protection by its desire for IPR to contribute to the promotion of technological innovation. However, most developing and ...
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    Sources of exchange rate fluctuations and volatility transmission in five Southeast Asian countries 

    Apinya Wanaset; Komain Jiranyakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    This research aims to investigate exchange rate behaviors in various aspects, especially 1) sources of exchange rate fluctuations: the pass-through effects of key macroeconomic variables on the exchange rate and 2) volatility transmission of exchange rate among five Southeast Asian countries namely Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. For research methodologies, this study employs a number of tools since it consists of two main features of exchange rate behaviors like sources of exchange rate fluctuations and volatility ...
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    Essays on leisure of the Thai people 

    Siriwan Saksiriruthai; Piriya Pholphirul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    This is a collection of essays on the leisure of the Thai people. The first essay, The Impact of Extra Income on Leisure: A Theoretical Foundation, develops the conceptual framework for exploring the individual’s leisure time allocation when his or her wages change. In the study, an individual’s income, as a part of budget constraints, is separated into two types, permanent and extra income. Permanent income is given for a fixed work time (for instance, a fixed monthly salary), while the extra income (for instance, overtime and bonus) depends on ...
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    The two-period dividend policy model and its application to Shanghai and New York Stock Exchanges 

    Jiang, Jun; Komain Jiranyakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    The study generates optimal dividend model with incorporated framework, in which, agency, principal, and firm all participate in the achievement of general equilibrium. For protecting maximum utility and allowing wealth transferring between current and future life period, investors or say principals make financial and consumption decisions with the constraints of capital they possess. The decision of this capital investment not only determines the cash availability for firm but also implicitly change the behavior of agency say executive in the ...
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    School expenditure leakage and efficiency : the case of Thai compulsory education 

    Jiradate Thasayaphan; Dararatt Anantanasuwong, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2010)

    The objectives of this study are to compute the leakage of public expenditure, to diagnose weak institutional capacity, and to measure the efficiency and factors that affect the performance of the schools in Thai compulsory education. The frame of reference of the study is the school-based management framework, and the models used to compute efficiency are Data Envelopment Analysis, Stochastic Frontier Analysis, and Bayesian Stochastic Frontier Analysis model. The samples were randomly drawn from small-sized, lower secondary schools from ...
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    A study on the impacts of the property market and the financial sector on the Thai economy 

    Piamchan Doungmanee; Pornpen Vorasittha, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    Even though the property and financial sectors do not occupy the highest proportion of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the difficulties that emerge from these sectors could lead to the most severe impacts on the entire Thai economy. This study thereby aims to analyse the impacts of the property market and the financial sector on the Thai economy, as well as to evaluate the impacts of government policy—the Thai Kem Keng program—on these sectors. The three models, including the Input-Output model, the Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) model, and the ...
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    The effects of cognitive and non-cognitive skills on earnings : the case of Mueang District, Khonkaen Province of Thailand 

    Jongrak Hong-ngam; Wuttithep Indhapanya, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    An employment study by Mincer illustrated that earning differentials are directly correlated with the cognitive skills; number of years of schooling, and the number of training sessions they have successfully completed(Mincer, 1958: 281 302). Later, some studies recognized that both cognitive and noncognitive skills are strong forecasters determining schooling attainment and wages. Noncognitive skills affect level of earnings as a latent influence to cognitive abilities (Heckman, Stixrud and Urzua, 2006: 134; Weel, 2008: 729737). Therefore, ...
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    Determinants of foreign direct investment location in China 

    Chanida Hongtian; Rachain Chintayarangsan, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    The objective of this study was to empirically investigate the determinants that drive the foreign direct investment (FDI) distribution in China on regional level during 1998-2008 from fifteen sampling provinces, through the extensive literature review, as well as through four econometric analysis tools including the ordinary least square method, fixed effects model, random effects model and fixed effects model with interactive terms. This study examined eight potential determinants including 1) Provincial GDP, 2) Provincial trade openness, 3) ...
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    An analysis of international tourism demand in Thailand 

    Suparporn Sookmark; Pornpen Vorasittha, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    This study examines the factors that influence the behavior of international tourists in Thailand from an economic perspective. The focus is on the tourists from 6 regions, covering 25 countries of origin as the highest number of international tourist arrivals to Thailand. A number of important economic factors, income, price, and exchange rate, are studied regarding international tourism demand in the short-run and long-run by using the panel data model of the Generalized Method of Moment (GMM) method. The results of tourism demand in the short-run ...
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    The fiscal policy impact on economic performance in ASEAN5+3 : empirical analyses 

    Pisit Puapan; Amornrat Apinunmahakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    This dissertation consists of two research papers to examine the impact of fiscal policy on overall economic performance in ASEAN5+3 and Thailand. The relationship between fiscal policy and economic growth has been a highly contentious issue among economists. Main economic theories differ in their proposition on the role of fiscal policy. Classical economics believes that fiscal policy has no long-term implication on output growth, while Keynesian economics put forth its theory that fiscal policy does have both temporary and permanent impact on ...
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    The optimal currency denomination structure : a case of Thailand 

    Pat Pattanarangsun; Prasopchoke Mongsawad, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    Payment system nowadays areencouraged to move toward electronic payments (epayments), which are expected to be more efficientwith low cost and high convenience for making payment. However, cash cannot be perfectly substituted by epayment and is still needed in society. Beside the promotion of policy towards epayment, cash denomination should beconsidered and restructured tobecompatible with the real demandespecially when there are various changes in circumstances such as epayment usage, price leveland social preferences. This research examine ...
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    Wage inequality in manufacturing sector 

    Piyanan Suwanmana; Adis Israngkura, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    This study adopts regression-based decomposition proposed by Fields on Thailand Labor Force Surveys to investtigate the wage inequality in the manufacturing sector in Thailand during 1985-2005. The included variables are workers’ individual characteristics and their working status such as gender, marital status, family size, urbanization, education categories, experience, types of occupation, minimum wage zone, fringe benefit, domestic expenditure, and international trade. Ordinary regression states the significance of all explanatory variables ...
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    Exchange rate intervention for a small open economy under managed floating and inflation targeting 

    Wanakiti Wanasilp; Komain Jiranyakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2011)

    In this dissertation, the standard impulse control model of exchange rate intervention is modified to accommodate the managed floating regime and inflation targeting monetary policy. On the one hand, under managed floating regime, the central bank’s objective of exchange rate intervention is to stabilize international trade sector. On the other hand, the objective of inflation targeting is to stabilize domestic commodity prices and the real output. When these two policies are combined in the same model, the objective of exchange rate intervention ...
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    Social cost of market exclusivity extension for patented medicines in Thailand : analysis of the effect of trips-plus provisions 

    Theerathorn Yoongthong; Adis Israngkura, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2012)

    Under the bilateral trade and investment negotiations with the United States, several developing countries were required to enforce the TRIPS-Plus provisions. The dramatic expansion of these U.S. intellectual property policies through the free trade agreement negotiations has precipitated the intense debate about the merits of these requirements between the United States and its trade partners in the developing world. On one hand, most low-income countries claim that very stringent intellectual property protection for pharmaceuticals will result ...
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    Welfare analysis of household demand for vehicle fuel 

    Wilaiwan Sirirotjanaput; Adis Israngkura, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2012)

    Thailand has adopted policies that promote the use of biofuel produced from local crops to reduce the country’s dependence on imported fossil fuel. The pricing policy was designed to encourage greater use in the transportation sector of gasohol, which is a blend of gasoline and ethanol. It consists of two measures, namely, a subsidy on gasohol and a tax on gasoline. Their effect was to make gasohol price lower than that of gasoline so that motorists might use more gasohol, which is a substitute to gasoline. However, the economic impact of the ...
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    Screening for bid rigging in rural road procurement of Thailand 

    Sutthi Suntharanurak; Amornrat Apinunmahakul, advisor (National Institute of Development Administration, 2012)

    The fundamental objective of public procurement is to promote efficiency in the procurement process especially to ensure that the supplier offers the lowest price given the acceptable quality of goods and services through a bidding process. However, the collusion among bidders is still a critical problem of public procurement especially the main form of collusion is bid rigging behavior. In Thailand, the government has enacted “Anti-Collusion Law” since 1999; however, bid rigging behavior is still a pervasive problem in public procurement auctions. ...