Now showing items 6-25 of 55

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    Early childhood education and child development outcomes in least developed countries: empirical evidence from Lao PDR 

    Manivone Phongsopha; Piriya Pholphirul (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    Given the benefits of early childhood education, many countries try to ensure universal accessibility to early childhood education. However, with their limited budgets and chronic poverty, least developed countries face a huge disadvantage in providing access to early childhood education, especially for children of lower income families and those living in remote areas. This study aims to determine how accessibility to early childhood education and child development affects cognitive, learning, physical, and social-emotional readiness. We use ...
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    An economic evaluation of electricity feed-in-tariff in Thailand 

    Kaesinee Tharisung; Adis Israngkura (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    This research aims to estimate the economic loss from the Feed-in Tariff (FiT) policy and also proposes an appropriate purchase price for each energy source in power generation. The study employs data from IRENA, IEA, IPCC, EIA, EGAT, EPPO, ERC, CEIC, the World Bank, and the Bureau of Trade and Economic Indices from the first quarter of 1993 through the first quarter of 2019. Before determining an appropriate purchase price, a demand and supply curve is created by using the Seemingly Unrelated Regression (SUR) method and investigating the ...
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    Effect of double college major (degree) on earning in Lao PDR 

    Houngthida Phetsinorath; Suchittra Chamnivickorn (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    There are few studies on the effect of double major (degree) and most studies concentrate on high income countries (Russell, Dolnicar, & Ayoub, 2008; Del Rossi & Hersch, 2008). These studies have found the positive relationship between double major and employment as well as earning in Australia, Singapore, and U.S. A growing number of Laos students pursue double major. However, double major (degree) actually gives graduates greater employment opportunities and earning than single major graduates has not been fully understood. This study aims ...
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    The impact of government debt on the economic growth of Bhutan 

    Wangmo, Sonam; Anan Wattanakuljarus (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    The study is motivated by the unprecedented increase in the level of government debt currently prevailing in Bhutan.  An understanding of the relationship between government debt and economic growth is considered crucial. For this purpose, the study aims to empirically examine the relationship between the government debt and economic growth in Bhutan. To determine the relationship the data were obtained from different sources such as the World Economic Outlook (IMF), World Bank and National statistics Bureau of Bhutan.  Time series data from the ...
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    Influence of human capital on retirement preparation : empirical evidence from Thailand 

    Netnapit Rittisorn; Niramol Ariyaarpakamol (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    This study has two main objectives. The first objective is to compare the values of individual Human Capital Indices (HCIs) in different groups and different years. The second objective is to examine and support the components of the Human Capital Index that determine the preparation of the pre-retirement population in Thailand. This study uses secondary data from the National Statistical Office’s National Survey of Older Persons in Thailand from surveys conducted in 2011, 2014, and 2017. It also uses data such as the number of doctors per 1,000 ...
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    An ordered probit model on quitting decision of secondary public school teachers in Bhutan 

    Choden, Kuenga; Anan Wattanakuljarus (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    Retaining trained teachers is an issue for almost every country despite its socioeconomic differences. A small developing country, Bhutan is facing the problem of retaining its trained and experienced teachers. Teachers leaving the profession on a voluntary basis have been increasing year by year. It became more serious in 2017 where the Ministry of Education had to train and employ 360 fresh graduates as contact teachers to overcome the problem of teacher shortage.  Cross-sectional data were collected through a questionnaire distributed randomly ...
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    The public demand for a dengue fever vaccine : a contingent valuation survey in Phnom Penh, Cambodia 

    Seyhak Khon; Udomsak Seenprachawong (National Institute of Development Administration, 2020)

    Our study estimates the willingness to pay (WTP) for the dengue fever vaccination program at a national level in Cambodia. A double bounded format with an open-ended question was used in this to estimate the WTP. The contingent valuation method (CVM) scenario was created as a two-year dengue fever vaccination program. Two vaccine levels were used, one with 40% and another with 80% effectiveness, neither with any side effects. Three dose were required for full protection. We used 600-split sample survey in Phnom Penh, Cambodia of those aged 20 to ...
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    Regime-switching housing price cycle in China 

    Lu, Xiaoman; Yuthana Sethapramote (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    This paper aims to examine the house price cycle at the province level of China using the three-regime Markov-switching model. Our findings indicate that, in Xinjiang, Chongqing and Jiangsu, there was no secular slowdown in growth since the rapid-growth regime re-emerged at some stage. While during economic downturn and rapid economic growth, house prices fall and grow fastest, respectively, in the central region. However, during normal growth regime, house prices increase fastest in the eastern provinces. These findings indicate regional ...
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    The relationship between financial agglomeration and economic development : the case of the five provinces in Northwest China 

    Xi, Xiao; Saran Sarntisart (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    Finance is the general hub of modern market economy operation and plays a non-substitutable important position in economic progress. The fact of financial agglomeration in promoting the economy has been confirmed in the southeastern coastal areas of China, but for the inland areas of the northwest, there is still little research for this "new topic", this field of research is still waiting for people to explore. This paper firstly combs the relevant theories of financial agglomeration. On this basis, the five provinces that constitute the ...
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    Relationship between financial and real sectors: implications for stable economic development [evidence from Thailand] 

    Khalil, Muhammad Azhar; Santi Chaisrisawatsuk (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    Economic real sector is essential for growth and development as its activities persuade progress of economic output. The sector generates better outcomes if it is accompanied with a healthier financial system; thus, advancement of financial sector is a means for the growth of real sector. This study reexamine the relationship between financial and real sectors of Thailand with the volatility analysis of GDP caused by development of financial market. The GARCH Model, Johansen-Juselius (1990) co-integration test, and vector error correction model ...
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    The returns to education in Bhutan: employing a pseudo-panel approach 

    Kencho _; Niramol Ariyaarpakamol (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    In view of education as a doorway to the economic well-being of individuals and nation, the Government of Bhutan confers top priority to the development of education sector by allocating the highest share of annual budget for the last several years. However, despite government bestowing apex precedence to education sector, there are no explicit empirical studies carried out to ascertain private returns to education in Bhutan. Thus, this study aims to investigate the determinants of earnings and estimate returns to education for Bhutanese workers ...
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    The impact of contract farming on income: a case study of northern Laos 

    Chindalath Phommanilath; Thasanee Satimanon (National Institute of Development Administration, 2016)

    The purposes of this study are: (1) to explore the relevant factors that affect a household’ decision making with regard to entering into contract farming; and (2) to analyze the impact of contract farming on income per adult equivalent. The sample consisted of 1,198 observations in the northern provinces of Laos People’s Democratic Republic, namely Bokeo, Luangnamtha, and Phongsaly, during 2009 to 2013, based on secondary data obtained from the Northern Rural Infrastructure Development Sector Project (NRI). Key factors that influence ...
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    Thermodynamics formulation of economics 

    Burin Gumjudpai; Yuthana Sethapramote (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    We consider a group of information-symmetric consumers with one type of commodity in an efficient market. The commodity is fixed asset and is non-disposable. We are interested in seeing if there is some connection of thermodynamics formulation to microeconomics. We follow Carathéodory approach which requires empirical existence of equation of state (EoS) and coordinates before performing maximization of variables. In investigating EoS of various system for constructing the economics EoS, unexpectedly new insights of thermodynamics are discovered. ...
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    Third-party payments impact on commercial banks' non-interest income: evidence from China 

    Xia, Huiwen; Nada Chunsom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    This study aims to explore the effects of Chinese third-party payment on commercial banks' non-interest income over the period 2008-2017. In China, third-party payment is a digital payment provided by private non-bank firms that consist of desktop payment and mobile payment. More Chinese people prefer to use third-party payment, especially mobile payment, instead of cash and bank card as the payment can be transacted easily and safely on the mobile phone by scanning QR code. To find whether this new digital payment trend impacts on non-interest ...
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    Valuing cultural heritage: a contingent valuation study of temples in Chiang Saen 

    Pongsan Sanyakamdhorn; Udomsak Seenprachawong (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    This paper presents a study of willingness to pay of Thai population to preserve historic temples in Chiang Saen, ancient city in Chiang Rai, Thailand as those temples are at risk of degradation and deterioration.  This study aims to estimate the factors that affect willingness to pay of people for cultural heritage in Chiang Saen and to investigate willingness to pay and its attributions. The contingent valuation method was used as a valuation technique to conduct an economic valuation of non-market values of preservation of the ancient temples. ...
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    Valuing cultural heritage: A contingent valuation study of temples in Chiang Saen 

    Pongsan Sanyakamdhorn; Udomsak Seenprachawong (สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 2017)

    This paper presents a study of willingness to pay of Thai population to preserve historic temples in Chiang Saen, ancient city in Chiang Rai, Thailand as those temples are at risk of degradation and deterioration.  This study aims to estimate the factors that affect willingness to pay of people for cultural heritage in Chiang Saen and to investigate willingness to pay and its attributions. The contingent valuation method was used as a valuation technique to conduct an economic valuation of non-market values of preservation of the ancient temples. ...
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    กลุ่มพันธมิตรสายการบิน : ผลกระทบต่อราคาค่าโดยสารและรายรับของสายการบินในเส้นทางระหว่างศูนย์กลางข้ามมหาสมุทรแปซิฟิค 

    ฐณวุฒ ชุติพงศ์เดช; สุจิตรา ชำนิวิกย์กรณ์ (สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 2014)

    ภายหลังการเริ่มรวมกลุ่มและก่อตั้งเป็นกลุ่มพันธมิตรสายการบินได้ เริ่มมีนักเศรษฐศาสตร์ตั้งข้อสังเกตถึงลักษณะของการต้านการแข่งขันภายในเส้นทางบิน โดยเฉพาะเส้นทางบินที่มีลักษณะบินเชื่อมระหว่างศูนย์กลางการบินของแต่ละประเทศว่า การรวมกลุ่มเป็นพันธมิตรสายการบินก่อให้เกิดพฤติกรรมการผูกขาดภายในเส้นทางบินแม้ว่ากลุ่มพันธมิตรสายการบินจะเอื้อประโยชน์ให้การเดินทางระหว่างประเทศของผู้โดยสารสะดวกสบายขึ้นจึงได้เริ่มมีงานวิจัยทาการศึกษาในประเด็นของกลุ่มพันธมิตรสายการบินต่อราคาและผู้โดยสารอย่างต่อเนื่องอย่างไรก็ตามผลการวิจัยในประเด็นการรวมกลุ่มเป็นพันธมิตรสายการบินท ...
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    การจัดการกำไรของบริษัทที่เสนอขายหลักทรัพย์ต่อประชาชนในครั้งแรก (Initial Public Offering: IPO) 

    ญาดา กีรติพงศ์ภักดี; สรศาสตร์ สุขเจริญสิน (สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 2017)

    Asymmetric information occurs when insiders have more information than investors. Managers can manipulate the company’s earnings using accounting standards that allows discretionary decisions for accrual basis and makes judgments following these principles. Managers can use the discretion for earnings management to reach target income, avoid debt covenant violation and smooth income for attracting investors and receiving higher offer price. Obviously, investors are disadvantaged by the asymmetry. This paper explored factors related to earnings ...
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    การเจริญเติบโตและบทบาทของกองทุนรวมต่อเศรษฐกิจของประเทศในกลุ่มประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน 

    บัญชา สีหะวงษ์; ปริยดา สุขเจริญสิน (สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 2018)

    การศึกษาการเจริญเติบโตและบทบาทของกองทุนรวมต่อเศรษฐกิจของประเทศในกลุ่มประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน มีวัตถุประสงค์เพื่อศึกษาปัจจัยที่ส่งผลต่อการเติบโตของกองทุนรวมและอุตสาหกรรมกองทุนรวม รวมไปถึงศึกษาความสัมพันธ์ของอุตสาหกรรมกองทุนรวมต่อการพัฒนาเศรษฐกิจของประเทศในกลุ่มประชาคมเศรษฐกิจอาเซียน ในการศึกษาปัจจัยที่ส่งผลต่อการเติบโตของกองทุนรวมและอุตสาหกรรมกองทุนรวม ได้ทำการแบ่งการศึกษาออกเป็นสองส่วน โดยในส่วนแรกเป็นการศึกษาปัจจัยจุลภาคที่ส่งผลต่อการเติบโตของกองทุนรวมในแต่ละประเทศ โดยมีการเก็บข้อมูลแบบ Panel Data และใช้การประมาณสมการถดถอย (Regression Analysis) ...
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    การชี้วัดฟองสบู่ในราคาสินทรัพย์ 

    จิรภัทร โค้วคาศัย; อัธกฤตย์ เทพมงคล (สถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์, 2017)

    วิทยานิพนธ์ฉบับนี้ศึกษาการพัฒนาดัชนีชี้วัดฟองสบู่ในราคาสินทรัพย์ โดยใช้หุ้นเป็นสินทรัพย์ตัวอย่างที่ใช้ในการวิจัย เพื่อประโยชน์ในการเฝ้าระวังภาวะผันผวนทางเศรษฐกิจ โดยสิ่งที่แตกต่างจากการทำดัชนีฟองสบู่ที่มีอยู่เดิม คือทางผู้วิจัยได้ประยุกต์นำเทคนิคการกรองข้อมูลองค์ประกอบความถี่ด้วยวิธีการแปลงฟูริเย (Fourier Transformation) มาใช้แบ่งข้อมูลราคาสินทรัพย์ออกเป็นความถี่ต่างๆ โดยพบว่า โดยเฉลี่ยแล้ว องค์ประกอบข้อมูลความถี่ต่ำมีลักษณะความสัมพันธ์กับตัวแปรเศรษฐกิจมหภาคสอดคล้องตามทฤษฎีฟองสบู่ (Rational Bubble Theory) เหมาะสมกับการเป็นดัชนีชี้วัดฟองสบู่ เพ ...