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dc.contributor.advisorKomain Jiranyakul
dc.contributor.authorMuttalath Kridsadarat
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-08T08:47:32Z
dc.date.available2018-06-08T08:47:32Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifierba189093th
dc.identifier.urihttp://repository.nida.ac.th/handle/662723737/3698
dc.descriptionDissertation (Ph.D. (Economics))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2015th
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to use multivariate GARCH and the Kalman filter to estimate the time-varying systematic risk or beta. Much research has found that estimating systematic risk with a market model using the traditional regression approach violated classical assumptions regarding both the stationary assumption and independent identically distributed of the innovations. This study focuses on using various models of multivariate GARCH and the Kalman filter to improve this beta estimation. As the GARCH model is a popular model used in volatility clustering data. The model allows for the forecasting of the variance of return to vary systematically along periods. Further, the Kalman filter approach recursively estimates the beta series from the time update function, which can create a series of conditional betas that vary through time from the market model. Therefore, systematic risk of the market can be estimated more precisely by using these two models. The model also allows for conditional variances and conditional covariance between individual portfolio returns, which in this study uses equity sector indexes and the market portfolio returns to respond asymmetrically to past innovations, depending on their sign as well.th
dc.description.abstractThe data used in this study were the daily return of the Thailand Stock Exchange Industries Group Indexes fromJanuary 2007 to June 2014. There are eight groups of equity sector indexes: agriculture and food industry, consumer products industry, financial sector, industrial sector, property and construction sector, service sector, and the technology sector.First, this study estimates the beta using ordinary least squaresin order to ascertain the characteristics of each sector in the Thai stock market. The study also found the ARCH effect and autocorrelation in traditional regression. Next, the study used the multivariate GARCH model in the VECH model and BEKK model specification to estimate time-varying beta. The results showed that all of the sector indexes revealed a time-varying variance. Moreover, the pattern of asymmetries in the covariance of returns was also found, which is evidence that covariance will be higher during a market decline. After that, three models of the Kalman filter, the random walk model, the random coefficient model, and the autoregressive model, were used to estimate the time-varying beta. The results showed that most of the equity sector indexes revealed a time-varying pattern with the Kalman filter model except for the consumer product industry. Moreover, the study also compared the forecasting accuracy among the models. In terms of in-sample forecasting, the multivariate GARCH VECH model performed the best among the models. In terms of out-sample forecasting, the results also confirmed that the multivariate GARCH VECH model and the Kalman filter AR(1) model were superior to rolling OLS according to lower MAE and RMSE. However, the evidence indicating which methodology is the best estimator between these two models is not clear.th
dc.description.abstractThis study contributes to financial participants a more precise estimation of systematic risk, which is one of the most important risks in the financial market, by using more proper methodologies, multivariate GARCH, and the Kalman filter framework. The results of the study can provide greater understanding of timevarying systematic risk that is useful information for investors and all financial market participants as well.th
dc.format.extent98 leaves.th
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfth
dc.language.isoength
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsผลงานนี้เผยแพร่ภายใต้ลิขสิทธิ์ของสถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์th
dc.subjectTime-varying systematic riskth
dc.subject.otherStock exchanges -- Thailandth
dc.titleTime-varying systematic risk in the stock exchange of Thailand : Evidence from multivariate garch and kalman filter estimatesth
dc.typeTextth
dc.rights.holderNational Institute of Development Administrationth
mods.genreDissertationen
mods.physicalLocationสถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์. สำนักบรรณสารการพัฒนาth
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralth
thesis.degree.disciplineEconomicsth
thesis.degree.grantorNational Institute of Development Administrationth
thesis.degree.departmentคณะพัฒนาการเศรษฐกิจth


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