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dc.contributor.advisorDuchduen Bhanthumnavinen
dc.contributor.authorNutjira Sumontaen
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-24T09:54:59Z
dc.date.available2021-03-24T09:54:59Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifierb210900
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.nida.ac.th/handle/662723737/5180
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D. (Social Development Administration))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2019
dc.description.abstractHis Majesty The King Rama 9, The Great had bestowed and expounded the concept of “Sufficiency Economy Philosophy” for Thai people as the guideline for sufficient behavior and happiness in living. A group of Buddhist monks, called “Santi Asoke” leading by Samana Bodhirak has adopted this philosophy and emphasized with some certain dhrama to create a new economic system, called “Satharanapokee”.This study aimed at investigating the antecedents in terms of psychological chatracteristics, situational factors, as well as, Boonniyom belief and practice on sufficient behavior and happiness in living. This correlational comparative study was based on Interactionism model and other important theories in psychological field, both from indeginous (e.g., The Thai Psychological Theory of Moral and Work Behaviors), and from abroad (e.g., Locus of control theory, Future-orientation theory, Principles of social support). Samples in this study were 447 Boonniyom community members in Thailand. The samples consisted of 121 male members (25.40%) and 356 female members (74.60%) with the average age of 54 years, 11.52 years of length of persistently participation in communal central activities, and most of them received Bachelor’s degree. There were six groups of variablees as follows. 1) Dependent variable group called sufficient behavior consisting of three variables namely, moderate-living behavior, wisely-living behavior, and safely-living behavior 2) Boonniyom belief and practice consisted of two variables namely, Boonniyom belief, and Boonniyom practice. 3) Psychological states consisted of three variables namely, good mental health, locus of control, and future orientation and self-control. 4) Situation factors consisted of three variables namely, amount of involvement with communal consumption system, good role model, and social support. 5) Output group as consequence of sufficient behavior consisted of two variables, namely, individualistic happiness, and ethical-life satisfaction. 6) Biosocial backgroup variable groups involved general information of Boonniyom community members, e.g., gender, years of education, length of vegetarian eating. Measures in this study were mostly in the form of summated rating scales. Items were tried out to 120 members, and carefully selected by statistical criteria, i.e., item discrimination, and item total correlation. There were 3 hypotheses which were tested by many statistical approaches, e.g., Multiple Regression Analysis (MRA), and Three-way Analysis of Variance (Thre-way ANOVA) in total sample and several subgroups categorized by biosocial background of Boonniyom community members.  There were 5 important findings in this study. First, using psycholoigical and situational factions as predictors, it was found that 1) these six predictors could predict Boonniyom belief in to tal sample with 30.60%. The important predictors in descending order were locus of control and amount of communal consumption system involvement. In the subgroups, the predictive percentage ranged between 20.70% to 42.90%. and 2) these six predictors could predict Boonniyom pracrice in to tal sample with 39.50%. The important predictors in descending order were  good mental health, perceived social support, and future orientation and self-control. In the subgroups, the predictive percentage ranged between 34.00% to 57.60%.   Second, using psycholoigical and situational factions with Boonniyom belief and practice as predictors, it was found that 1) these eight predictors could predict moderate-living behavor in total sample with 31.60%. The important predictors in descending order were future orientation and self-control, good mental health, Boonniyom belief, and amount of communal consumption system involvement. In the subgroups, the predictive percentage ranged between 33.30% to 47.80%. 2) these eight predictors could predict wisely-living behavor in total sample with 38.50%. The important predictors in descending order were locus of control, Boonniyom practice, future orientation and self-control, and perceived social support. In the subgroups, the predictive percentage ranged between 19.70% to 44.40%. and 3) these eight predictors could predict safely-living behavor in total sample with 34.80%. The important predictors in descending order were future orientation and self-control, Boonniyom practice, good mental health, and good role model. In the subgroups, the predictive percentage ranged between 28.50% to 48.20%. In sum, the findings supported the Interactionism model. Third, using psycholoigical and situational factions with Boonniyom belief and practice, and three behaviors as predictors, it was found that 1) these eleven predictors could predict individualistic happiness in total sample with 49.40%. The important predictors in descending order were perceived social support, good mental health, safely-living behavior, Boonniyom practice, and amount of communal consumption system involvement. In the subgroups, the predictive percentage ranged between 45.20% to 62.40%. In sum, the findings supported the Sufficiency Economy Philisophy. Fourth, the analysis results from ANOVA indicated that the members who reported more involving communal consumption system were the ones who reported 1) more individualistic happiness, 2) more ethical-life satisfaction, and 3) more moderate-living behavior than their the ones who were less involving in communal consumption system. These results were frequently found in total sample and 3 other subgroups namely, female members, young members, and high educated members Fifth, it can be summarized that the at-risk groups who reported less amount of Boonniyom dispositions, sufficient behavior, and happiness in living that need an urgent attention  are low educated members, young members, and volunteer members. Based on the findings from this study, the implications in general Boonniyom community members are as follows. 1) to increase happiness in living, these antecedents should be increased, namely social support, good mental health and  safely-living behavior. 2) to increase ethical-life satisfaction, three psycho-practice conditions should be encouraged namely, Boonniyom practice, good mental health and Boonniyom belief. 3) to increase sufficient behavior, four psycho-practice conditions should be encouraged namely, future orientation and self-control, Boonniyom belief, good mental health, and locus of control. There are some suggestions for future study, e.g., using other possible situational factors (e.g., amount of attending in Boonniyom activities, relationships within the community or work station), conducting experimental study based on findings from this study to confirm causal-effect relationship, Satharanapokee should be studied further and could be measured in other different ways.en
dc.format.extent243 leavesen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationen
dc.rightsผลงานนี้เผยแพร่ภายใต้ลิขสิทธิ์ของสถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์th
dc.subjecte-Thesisen
dc.subjectBoonniyom communityen
dc.subject.otherSufficiency economyen
dc.subject.otherHappinessen
dc.subject.otherHappiness -- Social aspectsen
dc.titleAntecedents of behavior relating to sufficiency economy philosophy and happiness in living in Boonniyom community members en
dc.title.alternativeปัจจัยเชิงเหตุของพฤติกรรมตามหลักเศรษฐกิจพอเพียงและความสุขในการดำเนินชีวิตของสมาชิกชุมชนบุญนิยมth
dc.typeTexten
dc.rights.holderNational Institute of Development Administrationen
mods.genreDissertation
mods.physicalLocationสถาบันบัณฑิตพัฒนบริหารศาสตร์. สำนักบรรณสารการพัฒนาth
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.disciplineSocial Development Administrationen
thesis.degree.grantorNational Institute of Development Administrationen
thesis.degree.departmentSchool of Social and Environmental Developmenten


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