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PROMOTION OF POWER GENERATION FROM SOLAR ROOFTOP IN THAILAND

dc.contributorSupawadee Nusinen
dc.contributorสุภาวดี หนูสินth
dc.contributor.advisorWisakha Phoochindaen
dc.contributor.advisorวิสาขา ภู่จินดาth
dc.contributor.otherNational Institute of Development Administration. The Graduate School of Environmental Development Administrationen
dc.date.accessioned2022-02-28T07:26:08Z
dc.date.available2022-02-28T07:26:08Z
dc.date.issued12/8/2022
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.nida.ac.th/handle/662723737/5545
dc.descriptionDoctor of Philosophy (Environmental Management) (Ph.D.(Environmental Management))en
dc.descriptionปรัชญาดุษฎีบัณฑิต (การจัดการสิ่งแวดล้อม) (ปร.ด.(การจัดการสิ่งแวดล้อม))th
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated the factors that promote current power generation from solar rooftop, analyzed the factors influencing the expansion of solar power generation not registered with government agencies, and recommended a model to promote sustainable power generation from solar rooftop.  The study consisted of qualitative research utilizing Delphi technics and data analysis based on the framework of CIPP-I model consisting of data analysis of the expansion of solar power generation drawn from the import volume of  solar panels (trade database of Ministry of Commerce and Customs Department between 2002-2019) to build data on the current state of Thailand’s solar power generation. In addition, a SWOT analysis for the promotion and analysis of the strategies that promote power generation from solar rooftop utilizing TOWS Matrix was conducted in order to develop a model of operation that promotes sustainable power generation from solar rooftop.  The findings revealed that the factors impacting the promotion of power generation from solar rooftop based on the framework of the CIPP-I Model were as follows. (1) Context consisting of demand for electricity in urban areas/growth of cities and towns/urban population, electricity price/oil price, opposition to new power plant, solar equipment becomes cheaper/through advancement in technology, rich exposure to solar light, and Alternative Energy Development Plan/policies/laws/regulations/ incentives. (2) Input consisting of social innovation/awareness/understanding, household’s participation, solar equipment supplies/equipment quality assurance, and certification of equipment standards/ certification of private installer personnel-skill training. (3) Process consisting of grid code control electricity stability/power bank system, MEA/PEA facilitation of smart grid, and control of power ripple/fluctuation (surge/drop)/data collection/data processing/system self-correction. (4) Product/ Outcome consisting of amplification of production of solar electricity, increased share of renewable clean electricity, increased power generation efficiency, and reduced power loss. (5) Impact consisting of economic impact: increased economy of scale; social impact: reduced needs for new power plant, increased employment, power stability/diversification, good image/clean environment/gaining public appreciation and acceptance; and environmental impact: use of solar light found everywhere for power generation. The findings regarding the expansion of solar power generation not registered with authorities revealed that, in Thailand, the cumulative solar cell installed capacity totaled 46,478 MW with an average annual growth rate of 37%.  Those registered for solar power generation equaled 2,935.019 MW (Office of Energy Regulatory Commission, 2020).  Export of solar cells between 2007-2019 totaled 2,315.98 MW (Customs Department, 2020).  The analysis of policies, strategies, and plans relevant to the promotion of power generation from solar rooftop revealed that, in the past, the government formulated plans and policies to promote solar power generation but lacked a clear timeframe for determining production goals.  The policies also lacked continuity, integration, and cooperation among relevant agencies.  As a result, the promotion had little success.  The findings underwent a SWOT analysis and TOWS Matrix, respectively.  The analysis revealed that the model to promote power generation from solar rooftop consisted of three processes as follows. (1) Policy consisting of formulation of an action plan based on policies to promote power generation from solar rooftop with participation of stakeholders and determination of clear processes of electricity generation for own consumption or purchase/sale under supervision of government agencies. (2) Promotion consisting of memorandums of agreement with responsible agencies establishing a body for long-term research and development of sustainable technology for solar power generation, establishing an information center and one stop service for power generation from solar rooftop, and establishing an office for the development of the system management of power generation from solar rooftop through participation of all involved sectors. (3) Management and supervision consisting of measures to promote the public’s access to equipment for power generation from solar rooftop; establishing an ad-hoc agency to be responsible for the control of system installation that meets the requisite standards; cooperation with Professional Qualification Institute; review of relevant laws, rules, and regulations for concrete promotion of power generation from solar rooftop; and establishment of an agency responsible for the management and control of the disposal of solar panel waste.en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administration
dc.rightsNational Institute of Development Administration
dc.subject.classificationEnergyen
dc.titlePROMOTION OF POWER GENERATION FROM SOLAR ROOFTOP IN THAILANDen
dc.titlePROMOTION OF POWER GENERATION FROM SOLAR ROOFTOP IN THAILANDth
dc.typeDissertationen
dc.typeดุษฎีนิพนธ์th


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