The role of civil perceptions of peace, value, and interest in conflict resolution in the Southern border provinces of Thailand

dc.contributor.advisorNuttakrit Powintara
dc.contributor.authorNopadon Mungkalaton
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D. (Development Administration))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2018th
dc.description.abstractThe research investigates the differences between two civil population groups in the relations between civil perceptions and conceptions in conflict resolution. In particular, it explores the relations between the perceptions of peace, values, and interests and the conceptions of conflict resolution for the conflict in the southern border provinces of Thailand, focusing on the differences between adult and youth civil groups. It used structural equation modeling (SEM) and Chi square statistics for the empirical analysis of data and sought expert opinions on the subjects for a qualitative analysis in which both results are compared. The data were collected by questionnaires during the period of October 2017 to January 2018 in the three border provinces of Thailand, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwas from 200 adults and 300 youths. The advocacy study using a Chi square test finds that adults and youths are significantly different in terms of self-perceptions of advocacy for peace, values, interests and power distribution; and perceptions of peace, values, and interest differences. Adults advocate positive peace while youths support comprehensive peace, which suggests that they are more moderate. Both adults and youths advocate universal human rights, human security and dignity but youths are stronger. Adults advocate communal interests while youths advocate national interests. On advocacy of power distribution, both support a balanced distribution of power but youths are stronger. Both adults and youths perceive significant differences among peace, values, and interests in the context of the southern border province conflict, but adults are stronger. All these points suggest adults are more conservative while youths are more moderate and adaptive towards a balanced approach. The perception-conception relation study using SEM finds that adults and youths are different in terms of the perception-conception relation in conflict resolution. However, for both groups, the perception of interest and the effect of a conflict environment were significant while the perception of peace and the perception of value are not. The perception of interest which is oriented towards the national interest, i.e. national interest is most important, has a negative relation with the conception of the combined conflict resolution in which the outcome and process of conflict resolution are combined. This indicates that the civil populations who support the ‘national interest oriented’ approach to conflict resolution would reduce their support to the conflict resolution program that is oriented towards ‘openness, inclusiveness, governance, democratization, and sustainability.’ Youths are stronger in support of the ‘national centric’ approach than adults. On the other hand, the expert opinions suggest that adults adopt more conservative and moderate positions with gradual change towards a local empowerment and governance, while youths are impatient and adopt a more radical position of social and political change. In general, expert opinions agree with the empirical results that adult and youth groups differ in terms of perceptions of peace, values, and interests and the conceptions of conflict
dc.format.extent370 leavesth
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsผลงานนี้เผยแพร่ภายใต้ สัญญาอนุญาตครีเอทีฟคอมมอนส์แบบ แสดงที่มา-ไม่ใช้เพื่อการค้า-ไม่ดัดแปลง 4.0 (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)th
dc.subject.otherConflict managementth
dc.subject.otherConflict resolution -- Thailand, Southernth
dc.titleThe role of civil perceptions of peace, value, and interest in conflict resolution in the Southern border provinces of Thailandth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisth
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth School of Public Administrationth Administrationth Institute of Development Administrationth of Philosophyth
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