Unheard voices and grim realities of the challenges, coping strategies, and governance of women leaders : the case of the union parishad in Bangladesh

dc.contributor.advisorJuree Vichit-Vadakanth
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Mizanurth
dc.descriptionDissertation (Ph.D.(Development Administration))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2013th
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to delve into the research questions: 1) Do women leaders help promote governance in the Union Parishad (UP) of Bangladesh? If so, how?; and 2) How have women leaders perceived and defined their roles and coped with the realities in the UP? The objectives were to: 1) unravel the leadership process of the women leaders in the UP; 2) uncover the perceptions, dynamics, realities, and challenges of participation of women leaders in the UP of Bangladesh; and 3) explore the coping strategies of women leaders in the UP. This study was based on qualitative methods. To fulfill the research questions and objectives, case study and phenomenology were used, which were substantiated by FGDs, content analysis, and observation methods. Primary data were collected from 19 UPs covering different socio-cultural zones of Bangladesh.th
dc.description.abstractThe study revealed that the women’s leadership in the country developed through various socio-cultural, political, economic, and legal contexts, and structures. Liberal values, democratic movements, the positive role of education and women’s organizations, etc., helped women’s leadership to flourish. Empirical evidence showed that in the UP some women leaders (WLs) were the product of the family legacy, while some WLs emerged as leaders using social capital gained through NGO involvement. Most of the WLs were moderately educated; all were married and received the required family support. The socio-economic condition of the women Chairpersons was relatively better compared to the women members in the UP. The WLs were found to be sympathetic to women’s interests. With a strong community mind some women leaders emerged as supra-social workers in the UP.th
dc.description.abstractThe WLs have been struggling to ensure their participation in the UP during the last two decades. WLs have identified 3 major challenges in their participation in the UP: male domination, corruption, and faulty legal provision. Following some formal and informal strategies, some of the WLs were able to overcome their problems of participation. Having ensured their limited rights, some WLs contributed to governance in the UP through ensuring transparency, accountability, enhancing social justice, and expanding pro-poor benefits. The WLs were also able to change rural governance by instilling a culture of integrity, honesty, sincerity, commitment, and following a participatory management style in the UP.th
dc.description.abstractTo overcome the challenges of the participation of the WLs in the UP, among several recommendations cited in the study, a few are suggested here. 1) The problems of patriarchy, purdah, religious superstitions, etc., can be addressed through the expansion of education facilities and democratic governance with a view to changing the value system. 2) In strengthening the women’s role in the UP, the existing political parties should introduce a quota system for women. 3) To manage the autocratic rule of the male Chairman and members, the UP structure should be reorganized with one woman Vice-Chairman. To combat male domination and corruption, the women’s reservation quota can be raised from 33% to 50%. To ensure equal rights for the male and female members, necessary legal provision is needed. 4) As women are sympathetic to women’s interests, in order to expand the role of women, 60% of all of the safety net programs at the UP level should be allocated to them. 5) To enlarge the scope of the participation of WLs, one-third of the total Chairmanship positions should be reserved for the women Chairpersons in all of the UPs in Bangladesh and these positions should be changed every five years. 6) To be WLs in the UP, family support is needed. Therefore, to translate such family support a “child care home” can be introduced at the community level for taking care of the children of the WLs during their work time in the UP. 7) WLs with a low level of education perform excellently and emerge as supra-social workers with a strong community mind. Therefore, efforts should be made to create a congenial atmosphere by the elected and appointed functionaries relating to UP governance.th
dc.format.extent322 leavesth
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.th
dc.subjectWomen leadersth
dc.subject.otherWomen -- Bangladeshth
dc.titleUnheard voices and grim realities of the challenges, coping strategies, and governance of women leaders : the case of the union parishad in Bangladeshth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisth
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth
thesis.degree.disciplineDevelopment Administrationth
thesis.degree.grantorNational Institute of Development Administrationth
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyth
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