The participatory communication process of stakeholders in the environmental impact assessment of a mega project in Bangkok Metropolitan

dc.contributor.advisorYubol Benjarongkijth
dc.contributor.authorWadee Pinyosapth
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D. (Communication Arts and Innovation))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2020th
dc.description.abstractThe research is aimed to 1) analyze a communication process of the owner of the Chao Phraya for All (CPA) Project for establishing the stakeholders’ participation in playing their roles in the environmental impact assessment (EIA) process, 2) analyze and recommend an effective communication process in the EIA for a mega project in Bangkok, and 3) analyze the use of new media in the EIA process. The study was conducted by qualitative research through documentary analysis and in-depth interviews with stakeholders. However, since the question on the media exposure and roles of the stakeholders who are general people could not obtain sufficient information from the in-depth interviews, quantitative research was also conducted through survey questionnaires collected from 400 general people to explore their media exposure and patterns of roles in the CPA project. Statistical data were analyzed by a computerized package program for social science research. From the quantitative research, it was found that factors found to affect the effectiveness of participatory communication in the EIA at the statistical significance level of 0.05 were: 1) a two-way communication, 2) early starting with sufficient time of operations, 3) operations by experts, 4) the coverage of target groups, 5) proper patterns and methods of participation, 6) the use of proper communication media and channels, and 7) operations with sincerity. For the qualitative research, it was found that the owner of the CPA Project operated by only two factors: two-way communication and the use of proper patterns and methods for creating a participatory process. Accordingly, the outcome of a participatory process was perceived at a low level. Namely, the stakeholders participated in the project in the stage of receiving information of the project only without an opinion exchange process nor a collaborative determination of preventive, corrective, and remedial measures against the environmental impacts successfully. Besides, the project owner did not use new media, as widely used by general people, to create understanding; thus, the stakeholders could not receive enough information. From the study, it is recommended that a mega project should conduct a participatory communication in the EIA by emphasizing the seven factors towards effective preparation of the EIA report. Moreover, it is recommended that agencies responsible for preparing the EIA report should be an independent non-profit organization to maintain its neutrality and credibility. Furthermore, people’s roles and responsibilities should be promoted through better knowledge and understanding of the environmental impact assessment system. On the other hand, for professional recommendations, a leader or moderator in a participatory process must earn a professional license and plays a role in enhancing stakeholders’ knowledge and understanding of the project before any public hearing will be organized, enabling a participatory process to accomplish the utmost benefits. Moreover, stakeholders can collaboratively determine preventive and corrective measures against the possible environmental impacts
dc.format.extent308 leavesth
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.subject.otherEnvironmental impact analysis -- Thailand -- Bangkokth
dc.subject.otherEnvironmental impact assessmentth
dc.titleThe participatory communication process of stakeholders in the environmental impact assessment of a mega project in Bangkok Metropolitanth
dc.title.alternativeกระบวนการสื่อสารเพื่อการมีส่วนร่วมของกลุ่มผู้มีส่วนได้ส่วนเสีย ในการประเมินผลกระทบด้านสิ่งแวดล้อมของโครงการขนาดใหญ่ในกรุงเทพมหานครth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisth
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth Graduate School of Communication Arts and Management Innovationth Arts and Innovationth Institute of Development Administrationth of Philosophyth
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