Evaluative criteria for good governance of local governments according to the viewpoint of local government executives

dc.contributor.advisorAchakorn Wongpreedeeth
dc.contributor.authorSupatra Assavasukeeth
dc.descriptionDissertation (Ph.D. (Development Administration))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2014th
dc.description.abstractThis study covers new ground in the evaluative criteria for good governance by local governments. Commonly, such evaluative criteria would be set by the central state. It is a true top-down process. The evaluative criteria, on the other hand, from a bottom-up approach, that is, from the viewpoint of local governments, are rarely found. Therefore, this study will discuss on the evaluative criteria for the good governance of local governments according to the viewpoint of local government executives. Such criteria will center on six principles set forth in Thailand’s 2003 Royal Decree on the Principles and Methods of Good Governance. The study applies theory-based approaches to establish evaluative criteria for good governance.th
dc.description.abstractThis study is expected to achieve the following research objectives: 1) to obtain applicable and practical evaluative criteria of good governance for Thailand’s local governments according to the viewpoint of local government executives centered on the 6 principles set forth in the 2003 Royal Decree; 2) to gain rating scales (standards) for those criteria; 3) to attain the actual rating scales of those criteria; and 4) to identify the evaluative criteria that are critical problems in the current local governments in Thailand, thereby realizing true success or failure in order to further good governance improvement.th
dc.description.abstractConducted by qualitative and quantitative research methods, the population of this study encompasses 3 types of local administrative organizations (LAOs), the Office of the Decentralization to Local Government Organization Committee (ODLOC), and academics.th
dc.description.abstractThe Delphi technique is used for the qualitative research method. In conducting in-depth interviews with the ODLOC and LAOs, included were the Chairman and 3 directors from all types of Directors, 9 local government executives from Provincial Administrative Organizations (PAOs), and municipalities and Subdistrict Administrative Organizations (SAOs). From the total of 7,851 LAOs, the questionnaires were delivered to 64 executives of the PAOs, 329 executives of the municipalities, and 360 executives of the SAOs. Using the quantitative research method, survey by questionnaires was carried out for officers and local citizens in 64 PAOs, 329 municipalities, and 360 SAOs.th
dc.description.abstractThe major findings of the study are 18 evaluative criteria of good governance for Thailand’s local governments according to the viewpoint of local government executives. These 18 criteria are centered on 6 principles set forth in the 2003 Royal Decree, where each principle represents 3 criteria. For the rule of law principle the bottom-up approach presents criteria in term of legal code and Local Development Plans that require a circular letter, and no complaint and objection filing. Ethics principle under consequence, virtue and duty theory gives results in determining the standards of good governance, providing training to build ethics and integrity, and applying pay for agreed goals. Regarding transparency principle under transparency theory, the results are disclosure of all kinds of information to the public via determined communication, and internal control system and an independent auditor are required. Participation principle under the fairness and competence approach has multi-channels through public hearings and so on, proven records of the participant list and their signature in attending local planning, and a need to have a transparent system to elect committees within defined qualifications. The accountability principle under the goal, process, and outcome approach emphasizes job assignments, a traceability and system trail, and an annual survey report by the audit unit or outsource agent as proof of public satisfaction. Last, the value for money principle under the 3 Es focuses on setting and spending the fiscal budget and procurement process, having a one-stop service for its efficiency, and having a policy for training courses and job rotation.th
dc.description.abstractThe study also acquires the 1-to-5 rating scales, Likert-type scales, for each criterion. The scale level 5 represents “Most Important” to level 1 of “Not Important”. The rating scales called “standard” resulted mostly in level 5. Only 2 criteria were at level 4 but those gained as “actual” most still were at level of 5, and then 4. Some were at level 3 and a few at level 2 and 1.th
dc.format.extent274 leaves.th
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.th
dc.subjectGood governance.th
dc.subject.otherPublic administration -- Thailand.th
dc.subject.otherLocal government -- Thailandth
dc.titleEvaluative criteria for good governance of local governments according to the viewpoint of local government executivesth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisth
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth
thesis.degree.disciplineDevelopment Administrationth
thesis.degree.grantorNational Institute of Development Administrationth
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyth
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