Now showing items 1-12 of 12

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    Analysis of the determinants and distributional effects of public education expenditures in Bangladesh 

    Sheikh, Md. Rashidul Islam; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2020)

    This study is based on the well-known theories of public policy analysis, economics, and public finance and empirically explores and examines the determinants and income distributional effects of public expenditure on education in Bangladesh. It is postulated that multidimensional factors determine education expenditures. Economic-demographic, decision-making, political, and new institutionalism theories are therefore studied, along with the concept of education. This research identifies and computes education expenditure by types, along with ...
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    A comparative study of the determinants and effects of China, Japan and South Korea's foreign aid policies 

    Shin, Jun Ho; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2015)

    This study investigates the determinants and effects of foreign aid policies, exploring the adaptability of the public finance theories of the pull and push factors such as economic-demographic theory, compensation theory, and incrementalism for the East Asian donor countries. To test this, the relationships between the socioeconomic factors and the volume of aid given to their partner countries by China, Japan, and South Korea were examined utilizing panel data analysis (pull factors), correlation analysis (push factors), and ordinary least ...
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    The country-level analysis of institutional factors affecting the foreign direct investment (FDI) in 6 Asean countries 

    Chanatip Suksai; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2018)

    This empirical study is a country-based analysis aiming to investigate how institutional factors (primary economic and social determinants) affect the FDI inflows in six ASEAN countries, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam during the period of 1990-2016. This study uses a mixed-methods research approach employing a pooled data multiple regression technique to analyze the significant determinants of FDI in the ASEAN region at the country level from a holistic approach.   The findings revealed that, ...
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    Critical determinants of gender inequality from five different perspectives 

    Kim, Seh Young; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2020)

    Gender inequality (GI) still prevails due to multi-faceted reasons. Therefore, multi-dimensional approaches to examine the root-causes of GI are necessary. In this regard, with the adoption of multi-perspectives and multi-level analyses, i.e. macro- vs. micro-analysis (OECD membership, gender, and regions), the study aims to find out the key determinants affecting GI in five different models, comprised of 17 socio-economic and institutional determinants: the capability-related model (CRM), the livelihood-related model (LRM), the formal ...
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    The effects of the socioeconomic, governance and political determinants of the local educational outcomes of provincial administrative organizations 

    Morakot Muthuta; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2015)

    In the previous studies on the determinants of public expenditure and public policy outcomes, only socioeconomic and political factors are taken into account. This study, however, has shed new light on how governance factors affect local public expenditure and policy outcomes especially on local education. Provincial Administrative Organizations (PAO) is one of the local administrative organization types which is assigned to administrate education institutes or support education systems or to perform both functions. Therefore, it could play ...
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    Governance, openness, and economic performance : an empirical study of Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa 

    Chanatip Wangworawong; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2015)

    The relationship between governance, openness, and economic performance of a country has been a topic of significant interest, not only among scholars but also policymakers in all countries around the world. The objectives of this study were: first, to examine the relationship between governance, openness, and economic performance in the context of developing countries; second, to examine how each factor makes a difference in the way in which countries develop; and third, to examine the differences in the relationships among governance, ...
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    Politics, socioeconomic conditions and the welfare state: how politics and socioeconomic conditions have shaped the welfare regime in South Korea 

    Oh, Seil; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2019)

    In any country with a political system based upon democracy, it has been conventional wisdom that center-left or progressive regimes tend to expand welfare programs, while center-right or conservative governments are more likely to dismantle the welfare state. However, in reality, any political party with a distinct political position on welfare policies is usually put under public scrutiny, which makes it risky for them to simply follow their traditional beliefs, without taking into account public reactions over welfare-related decision-making. ...
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    Promoting inclusive development through allocation of national resources: the case of basic education in Ghana 

    Abubakari, Maliha; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    Economic growth and poverty reduction have generally recorded monumental gains in the last two decades globally. On the other hand, worldwide regional inequality has widened considerably. In the year 2009, spatial or regional inequality was one of the major themes of the World Development Report. Similarly, Goal 10 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals aims at reducing inequalities within and among countries. These examples point to the relevance of issues of inequalities in contemporary global discourse on development. This study ...
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    Public expenditure on education in Kenya: analysis of recent trends, education provision, and income distribution 

    Imana, David Kamar; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2017)

    The study of public expenditure on education typically revolves and is designed around theories that try to explain why public expenditure keeps on increasing. The basis of these theories is to test and predict the various factors that affect the growth of public expenditure, predominantly for the purpose of providing public policy recommendations that will not only improve service delivery but also that is expected to improve the welfare of the poor household income groups and regions as well. This study used both qualitative and quantitative ...
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    Social capital and access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand 

    Pichate Pinthong; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2021)

    This research on social capital and access to antiretroviral therapy in Thailand was conducted using quantitative methodology. The objectives of this research were to study the relationship of social capital with the influence of antiretroviral therapy in Thailand and to analyze the benefit incidence of access to antiretroviral therapy among populations with different income levels in the national health insurance system. The data were collected on antiretroviral drug recipients in 13 medical service areas of the National Health Security Office ...
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    Socio-economic, political and social capital factors that influence the state expenditure : A comparison of rural communities in the Maldives 

    Zahir, Mohamed; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration., 2019)

    The Maldives is a nation in the Indian Ocean that includes approximately 1200 coral islands in 21 clusters known as atolls. For administrative purposes, these atolls are grouped into seven provinces located geographically in the Central, Northern, and Southern areas. These island communities operate as groups, which explains to some extent the unequal allocation of resources among the rural communities and Central city, as many studies have supported. Therefore, to understand the unequal distribution of wealth in rural communities, it is very ...
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    The implementation of small and medium-sized enterprise development in the rice sector of myanmar 

    Oo, Naylin; Ponlapat Buracom (National Institute of Development Administration, 2014)

    This study has three objectives in assessing the implementation of small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) development in the rice sector of Myanmar. This study attempted to 1) assess the current status of SME development in the rice sector; 2) identify the level of perceptions of the factors affecting the implementation of SME development in Myanmar; and 3) study the impact of policy implementation on different types of businesses in the rice sector of Myanmar. ...