Governance and sustainability of solid waste power plants in Thailand

dc.contributor.advisorWisakha Phoochindath
dc.contributor.authorSuwannee Missitath
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph.D. (Environmental Management))--National Institute of Development Administration, 2021th
dc.description.abstractThis research aimed to evaluate sustainability management regarding economic, social, environment, and good governance aspects of the Very Small Power Producer (VSPP) using municipal solid waste in Thailand and to propose guidelines for sustainable management of the Very Small Power Producer (VSPP) using municipal solid waste. This research was a mixed method between quantitative and qualitative research by documenting reviews of relevant papers, for instance, records, data, statistics, textbooks, academic articles, and related research to the Very Small Municipal Solid Waste Power Plants (VSMSWPPs) management in order to identify indicators for assessing the compliance of VSMSWPPs with governance and sustainable development. Afterward, the indicators were recommended by the 12 experts prior to data collection. They were executives, policymakers, and solid waste power plant experts. The structured interview with policymakers, responsible units, and stakeholders of the VSMSWPPs were used in this research. The questionnaires were used to collect data to communities surrounding the seven VSMSWPPs, that have different four technologies in six areas, with totaling of 610 samples by convenient sampling. The structured interview was used with 17 interviewees; the three entrepreneurs or executives of VSMSWPPs, the three local government officers, six municipal solid waste power plant experts, and five policymakers. The content and grouping analysis as well as triangulation were used to analyze data. Then, the results will shed light on the proposed appropriate guideline of the VSMSWPPs regarding governance and sustainability. The good governance and sustainability concepts were selected as a framework and used to construct indicator to evaluate the performance of VSMSWPPs. The framework contains four dimensions, and each dimension had indicators as follows: 1) Governance dimension with seven indicators (for example, policy and plan, law, and values of money); 2) Economic dimension with eight indicators (for example, quality and quantity of raw materials, technologies, and financial support measures); 3) Social dimension with five indicators (for example, social return on investment, impact on quality of life, and stakeholder opinions); and 4) Environmental dimension with seven indicators (for example, transportation of raw materials, waste treatment and disposal, and emissions). Therefore, there are 27 indicators in total. The evaluation results of VSMSWPPs found that most of them comply with the law, such as the Code of Practice. However, some waste power plants do not take care of the communities surrounding the power plants. VSMSWPPs, with cooperation between the waste power plant, government agencies, and people, can operate effectively and coexist with the people. Some solid waste power plants do not have enough raw materials for the process because there is no waste separation at the source. The guideline of the VSMSWPPs, namely 1) Waste management such as waste reduction and separation of each type of waste at the source for maximum benefit, and selection of the appropriate waste disposal method in each area using integrated technology must be done 2) The government sector should have specific laws for solid waste power plants and a specialized agency providing comprehensive services to reduce the process of developing VSMSWPPs 3) Stakeholders must involve the development of VSMSWPPs in every step. 4) Entrepreneurs must study the properties of waste and the amount of waste to select the appropriate technology 5) VSMSWPPs should be integrated technology and use both thermal and biological processes 6) The development of VSMSWPPs requires a survey of the availability of transmission lines 7)      A financial professional should conduct a social return assessment and investment suitability analysis 8) VSMSWPPs must have sufficient machine tools, experts, a maintenance plan , and a spare parts reserve plan. th
dc.format.extent424 leavesth
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.subjectSolid wasteth
dc.subjectSolid waste power plantsth
dc.subject.otherRefuse as fuelth
dc.titleGovernance and sustainability of solid waste power plants in Thailandth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisen
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth Graduate School of Environmental Development Administrationth Managementth Institute of Development Administrationth of Philosophyth
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