A sustainable model for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand

dc.contributor.advisorWisakha Phoochindath
dc.contributor.authorYaowanart Rungcharoennanth
dc.date.accessioned2023-12-12T07:10:19Z
dc.date.available2023-12-12T07:10:19Z
dc.date.issued2024th
dc.date.issuedBE2567th
dc.description.abstractThis study aims to propose (1) a list of sustainability indicators; (2) sustainability operational guidelines; and (3) an appropriate sustainable management model for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand based on the Sustainability Balanced Scorecard (SBSC). The study employed mixed research methods, including qualitative and quantitative research. The research tools are the semi-structured interview form, the structured observation form, and the assessment forms, which consist of questionnaires and open-ended questions. The study areas and the key informants were selected by the purposive sampling method. The proposed list of sustainability indicators for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand developed from the conceptual framework of this study, in which Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP), the BCG economy, principles of good governance, stakeholder theory, human rights, and GHG mitigation mechanism concepts were synthesized by the deductive method. To make the proposed list of sustainability indicators and issues reliable and practical, it was assessed by eighteen experts and professionals. The assessment results brought about nineteen sustainability indicators for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand, which could be divided into six perspectives: (1) financial perspective—three indicators; (2) stakeholder perspective—three indicators; (3) internal processes perspective—five indicators; (4) learning and growth perspective—two indicators; (5) community perspective—two indicators; and (6) ecosystem perspective—four indicators. To propose sustainability operational guidelines for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand, three community enterprises were selected to be the study areas, which are: one produces electricity from solar energy; one produces biogas from swine manure; and one produces biomass energy from bamboo. According to the study of the development and operations of the selected community enterprises based on the proposed nineteen sustainability indicators, it could be summarized as twenty-four proposed sustainability operational guidelines for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand. The researcher then reordered the operation processes to be more practical and appropriate. The Plan-Do-Check-Act/Adjust (PDCA) cycle was also applied for continuous improvement of the operations. It could be divided into four stages: (1) “Plan” stage—five guidelines; (2) “Do” stage—fifteen guidelines; (3) “Check” stage—two guidelines; (4) “Act/Adjust” stage—two guidelines. An appropriate sustainable management model for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand was proposed by combining the results of the sustainability indicators and the operational guidelines with the assessments of representatives from community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand, or users, experts, and professionals. It, therefore, consists of twenty-six guidelines and twenty-six indicators. In terms of the application, some details can be adapted to be suitable for each community enterprise. The order of the operation processes can also be adjusted and repeated as loops for constant improvement. Community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand can use the outputs of this study to set their operational goals or management plans to increase energy security, strengthen the grassroots economy, and reduce negative social and environmental impacts. In addition, it was found that the hybrid renewable energy system is recommended for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand, and community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand should be encouraged to become legal entities. Although leaders play a very important role in community development, the community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailand should achieve self-reliance and sustainable success through the community’s participation process and knowledge management.th
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfth
dc.identifier.urihttps://repository.nida.ac.th/handle/662723737/6687th
dc.language.isoength
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.th
dc.subjectcommunity enterpriseen
dc.subjectmanagementen
dc.subjectrenewable energyen
dc.subjectsustainabilityen
dc.titleA sustainable model for community enterprises producing renewable energy in Thailandth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisth
mods.genreDissertationth
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth
thesis.degree.grantorNational Institute of Development Administrationth
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralth
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