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- ItemIncome distribution and socio-economic disparity in aging society in Thailand(Ritsumeikan University. The Institute of Social Systems, 2019) Dararatt AnantanasuwongThe paper is focused on the income distribution and socio-economic disparity in aging society in Thailand. Using the household panel data from the Health, Aging, and Retirement in Thailand (HART) Wave 2 (2017) survey, Gini coefficient index and socio- economic disparity are estimated. The results indicate that income distribution situation, Gini coefficient index, is unequally distributed among the young old (aged 60-69) and the mid-old (aged 70-79) and among those by gender, by region and by living area (urban or rural). Besides, disparities in educational attainment by age group, region, and living area exist. The socio-economic disparities imply the limit opportunities for economic security and choice of work for earning income. Policy implication suggests more concrete efforts should be emphasized on regional economic development, especially in the northeast and the south. Policies related to job creation for the young old and the mid old persons such as retirement age extension, reemployment system, skill retraining, and fexible employment system, including long-term care (LTC) system for the oldest old should be focused. Finally, policies to promote 'healthy aging' to increase heathy life expectancy of population for longer working life is also crucial.
- ItemThe police station service quality: a comparative study of the areas in the South of Thailand(2019) Prapon Sahapattana; Sutham CheurprakobkitRoutine attacks and killings targeted at soldiers, police officers, and local citizens have been going on in the three southernmost provinces of Thailand (Yala, Pattani, and Narathiwat) for over a decade. Although the root cause of the insurgency is still unknown, religion and secession were pointed out by many political analysts. The objective of this study is to find out empirically how different Muslims and Buddhists perceived service quality they received from the police. Data were collected from 540 people who came to police stations for services. Service quality was measured in five dimensions: tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, and empathy. The results of this study reveal that, in the three southernmost provinces of Thailand, Muslims perceived higher service quality from the police than Buddhists.