The effects of ICT/E-Government on migrant workers' remittance inflows in Bangladesh : an empirical study

dc.contributor.advisorAnchana Na Ranongth
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Ziauddinth
dc.description.abstractMigrant workers’ remittance is one of the most important sources of foreign currency and it promotes economic growth and addresses the unemployment issues of developing countries like Bangladesh. This research has explored and examined the effects of the use of ICT/e-Government measures along with some other significant socioeconomic and political factors on remittance inflows. So far, the effects of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and e-Government measures on remittance inflows have not been explored adequately in the case of Bangladesh. The literature review reports that there are direct and indirect effects of the use of ICT/e-Government along with the unemployment rate, the inflation rate, institutional quality, the number of recruiting agencies, the number of banks and financial institutions, financial inclusion and financial development, remittance transaction cost, cash incentives and the use of formal channels, as well as the currency exchange rate. On the other hand, the ICT-driven recruitment process and recruitment cost, along with the National ICT Policy and Overseas Employment Policy may also play roles in remittance inflows. The effects of ICT/e-Government measures along with other factors have been examined using a mixed methods (MM) approach. A survey was conducted using a structured questionnaire with a sampling unit organizations and having sample size of 369; sample size was determined using Yamane’s formula and the stratified sampling technique was adopted. After data examination, a total of 336 valid samples were used for SEM analysis. AMOS software was employed for the quantitative analysis of the survey data. Moreover, secondary data from the World Bank and other institutions were collected for regression analyses through the use of model equations and using SPSS. A total of 12 persons involved in 12 different organizations were interviewed to collect qualitative data for the thematic analysis; the analysis was conducted using NVIVO. After testing the hypotheses, validity, and reliability, and after triangulation of quantitative and qualitative findings, it has been found that the use of ICT/e-Government measures along with some other factors has a significant positive effect on the remittance inflows of Bangladesh. Nonetheless, the effects of the number of recruiting agencies, remittance transaction cost, the recruitment process and recruitment cost on the remittance inflows have not matched with the research hypotheses.   This research concludes with a set of recommendations suggesting policy initiatives to reduce remittance transaction cost and recruitment cost by using ICT/e-Government measures effectively, by skill development measures and through bilateral agreements; these initiatives would help to increase remittance
dc.format.extent296 leavesth
dc.publisherNational Institute of Development Administrationth
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.subjectRemittance inflows in Bangladeshth
dc.subjectMixed methods researchth
dc.subjectUse of ICT/e-Governmentth
dc.subject.otherBangladesh -- Economic conditionsth
dc.subject.otherMigrant laborth
dc.subject.otherMigrant remittances -- Bangladeshth
dc.titleThe effects of ICT/E-Government on migrant workers' remittance inflows in Bangladesh : an empirical studyth
dc.typetext--thesis--doctoral thesisth
mods.physicalLocationNational Institute of Development Administration. Library and Information Centerth of Public Administrationth and Developmentth Institute of Development Administrationth of Philosophyth
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